R404A

Material Safety Data Sheet

 

PRODUCT INFORMATION

Product Name HFC-125/ HFC143a/ HFC134a
Chemical Family Hydrofluorocarbons
Chemical Formula 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134a)/ Pentafluoroethane (HFC-125)/1,1,1-trifluoroethane (HFC-143a)
Chemical Name CF3CH2F/CF3CH2F/CF3CH3
Company Identification Refex Refrigerants Ltd – #114, ThandalamVillage, Thiruporur,Kanchipuram Dt,603 110. Tamilnadu, India.
Phone Number(Emergency)  +91-44-27445295/ 27445295, +91-98843-97803
Email  admin@refex.co.in

 

COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS

Components

Material  % CAS No.
PENTAFLUOROETHANE (HFC-125) 44 354-33-6
ETHANE, 1,1,1-TRIFLUORO- (HFC-143a) 52 420-46-2
 ETHANE, 1,1,1,2-TETRAFLUORO- (HFC-134a) 04 811-97-2

 

PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

Physical Data

Boiling Point -46.7 C (-52.1 F) Average
Vapour Pressure  182.1 psia at 25 deg C (77 deg F)
% Volatiles  100 WT%
Evaporation Rate (CL4 = 1) Greater than 1
Solubility in Water Not determined
Odor Slight ethereal
Form Liquefied gas
Color Clear, colorless
Specific Gravity 1.05 @ 25C (77F)

 

HEALTH HAZARD / FIRST AID MEASURES

Inhalation of high concentrations of vapor is harmful and may cause heart irregularities, unconsciousness, or death. Intentional misuse or deliberate inhalation may cause death without warning. Vapor reduces oxygen available for breathing and is heavier than air. Liquid contact can cause frostbite.

Overexposure to the vapors by inhalation may include temporary nervous system depression with anesthetic effects such as dizziness, headache, confusion, incoordination, and loss of consciousness. Higher exposures to the vapors may cause temporary alteration of the heart’s electrical activity with irregular pulse, palpitations, or inadequate circulation; or fatality from gross overexposure. Contact with the liquid may cause frostbite. Individuals with preexisting diseases of the central nervous or cardiovascular system may have increased susceptibility to the toxicity of increased exposures.

Carcinogenicity Information

None of the components present in this material at concentrations equal to or greater than 0.1% are listed by IARC, NTP, OSHA or ACGIH as a carcinogen.

FIRST AID MEASURES

First Aid

INHALATION
If inhaled, immediately remove to fresh air. Keep person calm. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Call a physician.

SKIN CONTACT
Flush area with lukewarm water. Do not use hot water. If frostbite has occurred, call a physician.

EYE CONTACT
In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Call a physician.

INGESTION
Not a probable route. However, in case of accidental ingestion, call a physician.

Notes to Physicians
THIS MATERIAL MAY MAKE THE HEART MORE SUSCEPTIBLE TO ARRHYTHMIAS. Catecholamines such as adrenaline, and other compounds having similar effects, should be reserved for emergencies and then used only with special caution.

FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARDS / FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES

FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES

# Flammable Properties

Flash Point No flash point
Flammable Limits in Air, % by Volume
LEL None per ASTM E681
UEL None per ASTM E681
Autoignition Not determined

 

Fire and Explosion Hazards:
Cylinders may rupture under fire conditions. Decomposition may occur. Contact of welding or soldering torch flame with high concentrations of refrigerant can result in visible changes in the size and color of torch flames. This flame effect will only occur in concentrations of product well above the recommended exposure limit, therefore stop all work and ventilate to disperse refrigerant vapors from the work area before using any open flames. R-404A is not flammable in air at temperatures up to 100 deg C (212 deg F) at atmospheric pressure. However, mixtures of R-404A with high concentrations of air at elevated pressure and/or temperature can become combustible in the presence of an ignition source. R-404A can also become combustible in an oxygen enriched environment (oxygen concentrations greater than that in air). Whether a mixture containing R-404A and air, or R-404A in an oxygen enriched atmosphere becomes combustible depends on the inter-relationship of 1) the temperature 2) the pressure, and 3) the proportion of oxygen in the mixture. In general, R-404A should not be allowed to exist with air above atmospheric pressure or at high temperatures; or in an oxygen enriched environment. For example: R-404A should NOT be mixed with air under pressure for leak testing or other purposes. Experimental data have also been reported which indicate combustibility of HFC-134a, a component in this blend, in the presence of chlorine.

Extinguishing Media
As appropriate for combustibles in area.

Fire Fighting Instructions
Cool cylinder with water spray or fog. Self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) is required if cylinders rupture and contents are released under fire conditions. Water runoff should be contained and neutralized prior to release.

ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
Safeguards (Personnel)

NOTE: Review FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES and HANDLING (PERSONNEL) sections before proceeding with clean-up. Use appropriate PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT during clean-up.

Accidental Release Measures
Ventilate area using forced ventilation, especially in low or enclosed places where heavy vapors might collect. Remove open flames. Use self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) for large spills or releases.

 

HANDLING, STORAGE, SPILL, EXPOSURE CONTROLS AND DISPOSAL INFORMATION

HANDLING AND STORAGE

Handling (Personnel)

Avoid breathing vapor. Avoid liquid contact with eyes and skin. Use with sufficient ventilation to keep employee exposure below recommended limits. Contact with chlorine or other strong oxidizing agents should also be avoided. See Fire and Explosion Data section.

Storage
Clean, dry area. Do not heat above 52 deg C (125 deg F).

EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION

Engineering Controls
Avoid breathing vapors. Avoid contact with skin or eyes. Use with sufficient ventilation to keep employee exposure below the recommended exposure limit. Local exhaust should be used if large amounts are released. Mechanical ventilation should be used in low or enclosed places. Refrigerant concentration monitors may be necessary to determine vapor concentrations in work areas prior to use of torches or other open flames, or if employees are entering enclosed areas.

Personal Protective Equipment
Impervious gloves should be used to avoid prolonged or repeated exposure. Chemical splash goggles should be available for use as needed to prevent eye contact. Under normal manufacturing conditions, no respiratory protection is required when using this product. Self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) is required if a large release occurs.

Exposure Guidelines

Applicable Exposure Limits

PENTAFLUOROETHANE (HFC-125)

PEL (OSHA) None Established
TLV (ACGIH) None Established
AEL * (Refex) 1000 ppm, 8 & 12 Hr. TWA
WEEL (AIHA) 1000 ppm, 4900 mg/m3, 8 Hr. TWA

ETHANE, 1,1,1-TRIFLUORO- (HFC-143a)

PEL (OSHA) None Established
TLV (ACGIH) None Established
AEL * (Refex) 1000 ppm, 8 & 12 Hr. TWA
WEEL (AIHA) 1000 ppm, 8 Hr. TWA

ETHANE, 1,1,1,2-TETRAFLUORO- (HFC-134a)

PEL (OSHA) None Established
TLV (ACGIH) None Established
AEL * (Refex) 1000 ppm, 8 & 12 Hr. TWA
WEEL (AIHA) 1000 ppm, 8 Hr. TWA

 

* AEL is Refex’s Acceptable Exposure Limit. Where governmentally imposed occupational exposure limits which are lower than the AEL are in effect, such limits shall take precedence.

STABILITY AND REACTIVITY DATA

Chemical Stability
Material is stable. However, avoid open flames and high temperatures.

Incompatibility with Other Materials
Incompatible with active metals, alkali or alkaline earth metals–powdered Al, Zn, Be, etc.

Decomposition
Decomposition products are hazardous. This material can be decomposed by high temperatures (open flames, glowing metal surfaces, etc.) forming hydrofluoric acid and possibly carbonyl fluoride.
These materials are toxic and irritating. Contact should be avoided.

Polymerization
Polymerization will not occur.

TOXICOLOGICAL AND ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
Animal Data
The blend is untested.

HFC-125
Inhalation 4 hour ALC: > 709,000 ppm in rats
Single, high inhalation exposures caused lethargy, decreased activity, labored breathing and weight loss. Weak cardiac sensitization effect, a potentially fatal disturbance of heart rhythm caused by a heightened sensitivity to the action of epinephrine. Lowest-Observed-Adverse-Effect-Level for cardiac sensitization: 100,000 ppm. Repeated exposure caused: No significant toxicological effects. No-Observed-Adverse-Effect-Level(NOAEL): 50,000 ppm. No animal data are available to define carcinogenic,
developmental or reproductive hazards. In animal testing this material has not caused developmental toxicity. HFC-125 does not produce genetic damage in bacterial or mammalian cell cultures or when tested in animals (not tested for heritable genetic damage).

HFC-134a
Inhalation 4-hour LC50: 567,000 ppm in rats
Single exposure caused: Cardiac sensitization, a potentially fatal disturbance of heart rhythm associated with a heightened sensitivity to the action of epinephrine.
Lowest-Observed-Adverse-Effect-Level for cardiac sensitization: 75,000 ppm. Single exposure caused: Lethargy. Narcosis. Increased respiratory rates. These effects were temporary. Single exposure to near lethal doses caused: Pulmonary edema. Repeated exposure caused: Increased adrenals, liver, spleen weight. Decreased uterine, prostate weight. Repeated dosing of higher concentrations caused: the following temporary effects – Tremors. In-coordination.

CARCINOGENIC, DEVELOPMENTAL, REPRODUCTIVE,MUTAGENIC EFFECTS:
In a two-year inhalation study, HFC-134a, at a concentration of 50,000 ppm, produced an increase in late-occurring benign testicular tumors, testicular hyperplasia and testicular weight. The no-effect-level for this study was 10,000 ppm. Animal data show slight fetotoxicity but only at exposure levels producing other toxic effects in the adult animal. Reproductive data on male mice show: No change in reproductive performance. Tests have shown that this material does not cause genetic damage in bacterial or mammalian cell cultures, or in animals. In animal testing, this material has not caused permanent genetic damage in reproductive cells of mammals (has not produced heritable genetic damage).

HFC-143a
Inhalation 4-hour LC50: >540,000 ppm in rats
Single exposures by inhalation to 500,000 ppm caused anesthesia but no mortality at 540,000 ppm. Cardiac sensitization occurred in dogs at 300,000 ppm following an intravenous challenge with epinephrine. Two, 4-week inhalation have been conducted. In the first study, pathological changes in the testes were observed at all exposure concentrations; no effects were observed in females. The testicular effect was considered related to the method used to expose the rats to HFC-143a. In the second study using the same exposure concentrations, no effects were noted in males at any concentration. Data from a 90-day study revealed no effects in male or female rats at exposures up to 40,000 ppm. Long-term exposure caused significantly decreased body weights in male rats fed 300 mg/kg for 52 weeks, but there was no effect on mortality. Tests in rats demonstrated no carcinogenic activity when administered orally 300 mg/kg/day for 52 weeks and observed for an additional 73 weeks. Tests in bacterial cell cultures demonstrated mutagenic activity, but the compound did not induce transformation of mammalian cells in culture or in the whole animal. Tests in animals demonstrate no developmental toxicity.

ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

INHALATION
Aquatic Toxicity
HFC 143a
96-hour LC50, Rainbow trout: >40 mg/L
HFC-134a
48-hour EC50, Daphnia magna: 980 mg/L
96-hour LC50, Rainbow trout: 450 mg/L

TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION

Shipping Information
Proper Shipping Name : Refrigerant Gas R-404A
Hazard Class : 2.2
UN No. : 3337
Label(s) : Nonflammable Gas
Shipping Containers
Cylinders
Ton Tanks

The data in this Material Safety Data Sheet relates only to the specific material designated herein and does not relate to use in combination with any other material or in any process.

Responsible for MSDS:
Refex Refrigerants Limited
#114, Thandalam Village,Thiruporur,
Kanchipuram Dt,603 110.
Tamilnadu, India.
Ph : +91-44-27445295/ 27445296

This information is based upon technical information believed to be reliable. It is subject to revision as additional knowledge and experience is gained.
End of Refex Refrigerants Limited MSDS